Live like our ancestors?

I’ve heard people say, during discussions of the evils of modern life, that we should endeavor to “live like our ancestors.” I wonder which of our ancestors they’re talking about.

I wonder if they think we should go back to my childhood, where we lived in constant fear of nuclear war, where there was a single phone in the house, calls out of your immediate area (long distance) were very expensive, and there was no such thing as overnight delivery or even fax machines. If you were lucky you got more than three channels on your television. Fresh fruit and vegetables were seasonal luxuries, and if you were lucky you got two days’ notice of potential hurricanes and floods. Food was more expensive and less plentiful. Airline travel was a very expensive luxury. If you wanted to go across the country it took you several days by train or perhaps a week by bus. And even a rumor of being homosexual could destroy your career and get you killed. A gay man was labeled a pervert, and wouldn’t find any public support. People didn’t acknowledge that gay women existed.

Or how about my parents’ generation, where children regularly died of measles, polio, and other infectious diseases that were mostly a thing of the past when I was growing up? People died of simple infections because modern antibiotics (even penicillin) didn’t exist. Life expectancy was about 65 years in the developed world. My dad recounted stories of trudging through the snow in the middle of the night to the outhouse. That sounds like a great time. Wouldn’t it be just peachy to live in a time when the law enforced discrimination against black people? Air travel didn’t exist for most people. Family vacations were perhaps a trip to the lake in the summer. If you were lucky there was a telephone in the house. If you didn’t live in a city, you might not even have electricity. Refrigeration involved somebody delivering a block of ice to your house every week, so you could put it in the ice box along with the few bits of food you wanted to preserve.

My grandparents grew up on farms. No electricity, running water, telephones, or cars. Going into town involved hitching up the horse and wagon and spending the whole day getting to town and back. Radio didn’t even exist when my grandparents were kids. Children were born at home, without a physician in attendance. X-rays were unknown. Half the population of the United States spent more than half their time just growing and hunting enough food to live. Average life expectancy was about 50 years. In the early 1900s, the infant mortality rate in the U.S. was about 150 out of 1,000. By contrast, the infant mortality rate in Afghanistan today is about 112 of 1,000. Today in the U.S. it’s less than 6 out of 1000. Yeah, it’d be just grand to live in that time period.

Want to go back further? Until 1865 the law allowed people to own slaves. Yes, another person could be your personal property to do with as you pleased. Sounds fun, huh? Average life expectancy was about 40 years. If you lived to be 10, you were lucky to make it to 50. In 1800, close to 40% of children never lived to be five years old. Go back another 50 years or so and parents were lucky if half their children lived to adulthood. In Colonial America, 90% of people were subsistence farmers; they spent nearly all their time just growing and foraging for food. And it was grueling, backbreaking work.

The further back you go, the harder life gets. As hard as anybody thinks life is today, it was much harder for our ancestors. You don’t have to go back very far to find your forebears living in caves and wearing nothing but animal skins. I don’t know about you, but that doesn’t sound to me like a good time.

Those who suggest it don’t really want to live like their ancestors lived. They want to live in a bubble with all their modern conveniences and the benefits of a technological society, while the world outside conforms to some unrealistic notion of the idyllic life their ancestors lived in. Our ancestors did not have it better then than we do now. You’re fooling yourself if you believe that they did.